Action on Armed Violence has recently released a report titled “A State of Ignorance.” Produced in the background of the Iraq Inquiry in the
Failure to produce its own estimate did not stop the
For a detailed analysis of this issue, see the Displacement and Mortality chapter from GPF’s
[T]his administration has carefully reviewed the rules governing targeting operations to ensure that these operations are conducted consistently with law of war principles, including: […] the principle of proportionality, which prohibits attacks that may be expected to cause incidental loss of civilian life, injury to civilians, damage to civilian objects, or a combination thereof, that would be excessive in relation to the concrete and direct military advantage anticipated.
However, in the absence of a clear civilian death toll, there is little substance to assess this argument. A ball park figure of 750-1,000 civilian deaths is cited in a number of news reports and publications. This would mean a ratio of 10-15 civilians killed in